Cytopathology is a branch of pathology that studies and diagnoses diseases on the cellular level using a light microscope.


Healthcare science staff are involved from the time of sample collection, working with the clinician to ensure adequate material is collected for diagnosis and further tests such as molecular testing. They then carry out the microscopic examination and report on any abnormalities. The discipline is divided into two areas:

Cervical cytopathology

This is commonly referred to as cervical cytology and is used in cervical cancer screening. As a cervical cytology screener, you will use a microscope to examine cells for abnormalities that may be the first signs of cervical cancer. You will decide whether there is any abnormality, and if there is, notify a doctor who will take the necessary action to provide the best care for the patient.

Diagnostic cytopathology

This is mainly used for the diagnosis of cancer in many body sites including the respiratory tract, urinary tract, lymph nodes and the thyroid.

Last updated on 20th August 2021