Do’s and don’ts of good evidence



  • Give evidence of real-world practice, for example with feedback and observations from colleagues.
  • Include patient feedback or the patient’s perspective wherever possible.  Listen to this podcast on patient and public involvement which will give you some ideas about how you can incorporate the public and patients into your training.
  • Repeat a task over time e.g. capture reflections on and direct observations of a task being completed multiple times to indicate progression and to ensure that the task is embedded in your practice.  This will create a trail of reflections and actions each time.
  • Apply academic learning in a clinical context e.g. linking evidence of practice to literature, frameworks and best practice.
  • Provide more than one explanation in cases of differential diagnosis.


  • Write a 10,000- word essay as evidence.
  • Produce an extensive piece of written work as evidence unless that is the practice that is required in the workplace for a specific competency.
  • Upload policy or standards documents without good reason. If they are supplied as part of your evidence, there should be a clear indication of their relevance or of reflection upon them.
  • Just list or summarise your knowledge. Show how it can be applied in the clinical context.
  • Breach patient confidentiality, especially when using videos, photographs or case histories.