Neurophysiology is concerned with the investigation of function in the central and peripheral nervous system. 


Healthcare science staff working in this field investigate the function of the nervous system to diagnose and monitor neurological disorders, including epilepsy, strokes, dementia, nerve and muscle dysfunction and multiple sclerosis. Staff carry out investigations in dedicated environments/departments, in intensive care settings and in operating theatres.

Investigations include:

  • EEG (electroencephalography) – a recording of the electrical activity of the brain from the intact scalp
  • evoked potentials – these are potentials produced by the brain in response to specific stimuli, for example a flashing light or sounds, such as a click
  • EMG (electromyography) and NCS (nerve conduction studies) – these assess function of the nerves and muscles within the body

More about Neurophysiology

Discover more about science careers in the NHS as Lydia, a neurophysiologist, shares her own career journey in this Facebook Live conversation.


Last updated on 15th February 2024